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Old 07-13-2018, 06:51 AM
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rss IGF - Outcomes following transsphenoidal surgical management of incidental pituitary

Related Articles Outcomes following transsphenoidal surgical management of incidental pituitary adenomas: a series of 52 patients over a 17-year period.

J Neurosurg. 2018 Jun 01;:1-9

Authors: Seltzer J, Wedemeyer MA, Bonney PA, Carmichael JD, Weiss M, Zada G

Abstract
OBJECTIVE Incidental pituitary adenomas (IPAs) are commonly discovered during cranial imaging evaluations obtained for unrelated indications. The optimal management of IPA remains controversial. The authors investigated the outcomes and safety of the surgical treatment of IPAs at their institution. METHODS Clinical outcome data for 1692 patients surgically treated for pituitary adenomas at the Keck Medical Center of USC/USC Pituitary Center over a 17-year period (1999-2016) were reviewed to identify all cases with surgically managed IPAs. Clinical characteristics reviewed in this retrospective analysis included patient demographics, endocrine laboratory data, visual field examinations, and MRI results. Intraoperative data reviewed included requirement for CSF leak repair, surgical complications, and estimated extent of resection. Postoperative data collected included pathology results, length of stay, postoperative complications, endocrine outcomes, readmission rates, and long-term outcomes, including extent of resection noted on postoperative imaging studies and tumor progression and/or recurrence. RESULTS Fifty-two patients (3.1% of all cases) underwent transsphenoidal surgery for IPA. The median age at surgery was 61 years (range 31-86 years). The most common reasons for neuroimaging included trauma (19%), stroke/transient ischemic attack (15%), and sinonasal disease (15%). Visual field deficits were present in 15% of bedside examinations, and among the 22 patients sent for formal testing, 54.5% were noted to have deficits. Preoperative endocrine function was normal in 69% of patients, which includes 3 patients (5.8%) having isolated hyperprolactinemia consistent with a stalk effect without other hormonal dysfunction. The average maximal tumor diameter was 20.9 mm (8-50 mm; data available in 35 patients). The most common primary indication for surgery was compression of the chiasm or vision loss (52%); other major considerations included tumor growth, a young patient age, and identified endocrine abnormalities. Intraoperative CSF leak repair was performed in 56% of patients, and 1 patient (2%) developed postoperative CSF rhinorrhea treated with lumbar drainage. The median hospital stay was 2 days. There were no deaths or major complications. Three patients (5.8%) developed transient diabetes insipidus. Over a mean follow-up of 61 months, 4 patients (50.0%) reported improved headaches and 6 (54.5%) reported improvement in their visual deficits. Four patients (25%) had improved endocrine function, including one with resumption of menstruation and another with remission of acromegaly. One patient (2.4%) reported new postoperative headache, and none experienced worsened vision. Four patients (10.5%) developed new single-axis hypopituitarism and 1 (2.6%) developed new panhypopituitarism. The overall recurrence/progression rate on neuroimaging was 9.6% at a mean of 80 months. CONCLUSIONS Transsphenoidal resection of IPAs, when appropriate, can be performed safely at experienced treatment centers. Incidental pituitary adenomas should be evaluated and treated as indicated, especially in younger patients at risk for endocrine or visual dysfunction.


PMID: 29999467 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]



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