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Old 11-10-2018, 06:17 AM
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rss Role of estradiol and testosterone in Ucp1 expression in brown/beige adipocytes.

Related Articles Role of estradiol and testosterone in Ucp1 expression in brown/beige adipocytes.

Cell Biochem Funct. 2018 Nov 08;:

Authors: Suzuki M, Murakami M, Shirai M, Hashimoto O, Kawada T, Matsui T, Funaba M

Abstract
Activity of brown/beige adipocytes is higher in women than in men. The expression level of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) is largely consistent with the thermogenic activity in brown/beige adipocytes. The present study examined the direct effects of sex hormones on Ucp1 expression in brown adipocytes and beige adipocytes, which were differentiated from HB2 brown preadipocytes and 3T3-L1 white preadipocytes, respectively; treatment with estradiol or testosterone was used during the early (days 0-8) or late stage (days 8-12) of brown adipogenesis and beige adipogenesis. On day 8 or day 12, cells were treated with or without isoproterenol (Iso), an agonist for the ?-adrenergic receptor, for 4.hours. Furthermore, the sex of cells was examined; the sex-determining region y gene, which is located on the y chromosome, was present in HB2 cells, but not in 3T3-L1 cells, suggesting that HB2 cells and 3T3-L1 cells are male and female cells, respectively. Treatment with 17?-estradiol during the early stage of brown adipogenesis enhanced the responsiveness to Iso on Ucp1 induction, whereas treatment during the late stage of brown adipogenesis decreased Ucp1 expression in unstimulated brown adipocytes. Estradiol decreased Iso-induced Ucp1 expression during the early stage of beige adipogenesis. Treatment with testosterone during the early stage of brown adipogenesis did not affect Ucp1 expression but increased the responsiveness to Iso on Ucp1 induction by the treatment during the late stage of brown adipogenesis. The present results suggest that sex hormones modulate the expression level of Ucp1 in brown/beige adipocytes in a stage-dependent manner. Direct effects of sex hormones in brown/beige adipogenesis were evaluated. Treatment with 17?-estradiol during the early stage of brown adipogenesis enhanced the responsiveness to isoproterenol (Iso), an agonist for the ?-adrenergic receptor, on Ucp1 induction, whereas treatment during the late stage of brown adipogenesis decreased Ucp1 expression in unstimulated brown adipocytes. Estradiol decreased Iso-induced Ucp1 expression during the early stage of beige adipogenesis. Testosterone during the late stage of brown adipogenesis increased the responsiveness to Iso on Ucp1 induction. Sex hormones modulate the expression level of Ucp1 in brown/beige adipocytes in a stage-dependent manner.


PMID: 30411385 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]



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