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Old 05-30-2015, 08:42 AM
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rss Mechano Growth Factor - Compression induces Ephrin-A2 in PDL fibroblasts via c-fos.

Related Articles Compression induces Ephrin-A2 in PDL fibroblasts via c-fos.

J Dent Res. 2015 Mar;94(3):464-72

Authors: Sen S, Diercke K, Zingler S, Lux CJ, Erber R

Abstract
Ephrin-A2-EphA2 and ephrin-B2-EphB4 interactions have been implicated in the regulation of bone remodeling. We previously demonstrated a potential role for members of the Eph-ephrin family of receptor tyrosine kinases for bone remodeling during orthodontic tooth movement: compression-dependent upregulation of ephrin-A2 in fibroblasts of the periodontal ligament (PDL) attenuated osteogenesis in osteoblasts of the alveolar bone. However, factors affecting the regulation of ephrin-A2 expression upon the application of compressive forces remained unclear. Here, we report a mechano-dependent pathway of ephrin-A2 induction in PDL fibroblasts (PDLFs) involving extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) 1/2 and c-fos. PDLF subjected to compressive forces (30.3 g/cm(2)) upregulated c-fos and ephrin-A2 mRNA and protein expression and displayed increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Inhibition of the MAP kinase kinase (MEK)/ERK1/2 pathway using the specific MEK inhibitor U0126 significantly reduced ephrin-A2 messenger RNA upregulation upon compression. Silencing of c-fos using a small interfering RNA approach led to a significant inhibition of ephrin-A2 induction upon the application of compressive forces. Interestingly, ephrin-A2 stimulation of PDLF induced c-fos expression and led also to the induction of ephrin-A2 expression. Using a reporter gene construct in murine 3T3 cells, we found that ephrin-A2 was able to stimulate serum response element (SRE)-dependent luciferase activity. As the regulation of c-fos is SRE dependent, ephrin-A2 might induce c-fos via SRE activation. Taken together, we provide evidence for an ERK1/2- and c-fos-dependent regulation of ephrin-A2 in compressed PDLF and suggest a novel pathway for ephrin-A2 induction emanating from ephrin-A2 itself. We showed previously that ephrin-A2 at compression sites might contribute to tooth movement by inhibiting osteogenic differentiation. The regulatory pathway of ephrin-A2 induction during tooth movement identified in this study might be accessible for pharmacological interventions.


PMID: 25604255 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



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